Some form of hemorrhoids surgery may be the last option open to you if you have tried all the various remedies that are generally available and even most of those only available on prescription only to find that nothing has actually worked for you.
There are quite a few different types of operations available, some are more invasive than others and more painful afterwards, but these generally offer the highest success rates your doctor or a consultant will decide what is going to be the best procedure for your own particular case after a proper examination.
Some procedures can be carried out by a doctor at your local clinic, others will require hospital treatment and a medical team as a genearl anesthetic will be required.
Going on official statistics an operation known as a hemorrhoidectomy offers the greatest degree of success,during this procedure the hemorrhoids and some tissue are cut from the area by a surgeon, as you will appreciate this operation will be the most painful and may require at least two weeks off work while wounds heal. The hemorrhoidectomy is usually reserved for the most severe cases of hemorrhoids and there are many other less invasive procedures that may be tried first. It will also be the most expensive and it is unlikely any health insurance will cover you for this type of operation.
Infrared Radiation Coagulation Surgery
Infrared Radiation Coagulation (IRC) hemorrhoids surgery makes use of a laser to cauterize the blood vessels that are venapro causing the hemorrhoids, the idea being to stop the blood flowing into them which will eventually allow the tissue to die off thus allowing the hemorrhoids to wither away of their own accord. This procedure may need to be carried out more than once and again it can also be costly although for internal hemorrhoids there is quite a reasonable rate of success.
This is a technique that has been used throughout history and is still used today in one form or another, in this case it is carried out with a special wire that is heated with an electric current and has the same effect as that of IRC treatment mentioned above, it is usually only applied for small internal hemorrhoids.
Sclerotherapy is a another method that may be used on internal hemorrhoids, sclerotherapy does not actually involve any surgery as such, as it may be carried out by a doctor as well, this procedure uses special chemicals that are injected with a needle into hemorrhoids causing the blood vessels in the local area to shrink or constrict thereby removing the actual cause of the hemorrhoid. This technique may also be recommended for persistently bleeding hemorrhoids in order to stem the flow of blood. This is also the preferred method for treating small internal hemorrhoid if they are too small for other procedures to be effective. Sclerotherapy may cause the patient some pain for a while afterwards and the success rate is not as high as that of other methods and there is a chance of the hemorrhoids returning.
Hemorrhoid banding or rubber band ligation as it is known may also be applied by your doctor, this procedure involves the placing of tiny flexible bands at the base of a hemorrhoid thus strangulating it and once again closing off the supply of blood causing withering of the hemorrhoid. Banding is only effective on hemorrhoids of a specific size range if they are too small or too large this technique cannot be used effectively. However where it can be used it is often quite successful and is often a preffered treatment method. There should be little or no pain after this treatment if there is you will need to tell your doctor as the bands may be fitted too close to the anal nerves.
Yet another technique for smaller internal hemorrhoids is by making them drop off by freezing them that causes the tissue to die off, rather like frostbite. When ready they will generally be excreted out with body waste (feces) Success rate is generally good but hemorrhoids may return.
Hemorrhoid Stapling Surgery (PPH)
This is one of the more modern hemorrhoids surgery procedures, it may not be available everywhere and is only carried out on the most serious cases as an alternative to a hemorrhoidectomy, it causes less pain afterward and the recovery time is usually a lot less. This technique involves repositioning the hemorrhoid tissue using round surgical staples, they may some cutting done by the surgeon but it will less than for that of a standard hemorrhoidectomy.
Hemorrhoid Artery Ligation Surgery
This is another procedure that is not quite as common in the West, and it uses sutures to close off the blood vessels supplying the hemorrhoids after they have been located with an ultrasound probe. Early indications show this technique to be quite effective and it may be a preferred alternative to more drastic surgical methods.
Hopefully this page has given you some idea of what to expect if you are contemplating having hemorrhoids surgery of some sort.